Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken

Intro Count Palatine of Zweibrücken from 1731 to 1735
A.K.A. Christian III, Christian III. von Pfalz-Zweibrücken
Was Soldier
From Germany
Type Military
Gender male
Birth 7 November 1674, Strasbourg, France
Death 3 February 1735, Zweibrücken, Germany (aged 60 years)
Star sign Scorpio

Another portrait of Christian III Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (Strassburg, 7 November 1674 – Zweibrücken, 3 February 1735) was a German nobleman. He was a member of the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, a cadet branch of the House of Wittelsbach. He was the son of Christian II of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Katharina Agathe, Countess of Rappoltstein. He was Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1717 to 1731. In 1731, he inherited the sovereign duchy of Palatinate-Zweibrücken and thus became Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. He was also Count of Rappoltstein from 1699 until his death.

Life

Christian was born in Strasbourg in 1674. He was the only son of Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld to survive into adulthood. He began his career in the French military in 1697 and took over the Alsatian regiment. In 1699, he inherited the County of Rappoltstein from his mother. In 1702 he became Field marshal and in 1704 he was promoted to lieutenant general. He excelled militarily at the Battle of Oudenaarde in 1708. In 1717, his father died. He left the army and took up administration of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, which was a small part of the County of Sponheim. In 1731, Count Palatine Gustavus Samuel Leopold of Zweibrücken died childless and Christian III inherited his territory. His relatives objected, but in a treaty with Elector Palatine Charles III Philip concluded in Mannheim on 24 December 1733, it was agreed that Christian would receive Palatinate-Zweibrücken. He died in Zweibrücken in 1735 and was buried in the Alexander Church in Zweibrücken.

Marriage and issue

In 1719, at Schloss Lorentzen, he married Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1704–1774) and had four children.

Name Portrait Birth Death Notes

Ancestry

16. Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
16. Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
8. Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
17. Anna of Hesse
4. Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler
18. William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
9. Duchess Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg
19. Dorothea of Denmark
2. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
20. John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
10. John II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
21. Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
5. Countess Palatine Magdalene Catherine of Zweibrücken
22. René II, Viscount of Rohan
11. Catherine de Rohan
23. fr:Catherine de Parthenay
1. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
24. Egenolf III, Count of Rappoltstein
12. Eberhard, Count of Rappoltstein
25. Maria of Erbach
6. Johann Jakob, Count of Rappoltstein
26. Otto I von Salm-Kyrburg
13. Anna of Salm-Kyrburg
27. Ottilia of Nassau-Weilburg
3. Countess Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein
28. Otto I von Salm-Kyrburg (= 26)
14. Johann Kasimir, Count of Salm-Kyrburg
29. Ottilia of Nassau-Weilburg (= 27)
7. Anna Claudia of Salm-Kyrburg
30. Johann Georg I, Count of Solms-Laubach
15. Dorothea of Solms-Laubach
31. Marguerite of Schonbourg-Glauchau
16. Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
8. Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
17. Anna of Hesse
4. Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler
18. William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
9. Duchess Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg
19. Dorothea of Denmark
2. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
20. John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
10. John II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
21. Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
5. Countess Palatine Magdalene Catherine of Zweibrücken
22. René II, Viscount of Rohan
11. Catherine de Rohan
23. fr:Catherine de Parthenay
1. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
24. Egenolf III, Count of Rappoltstein
12. Eberhard, Count of Rappoltstein
25. Maria of Erbach
6. Johann Jakob, Count of Rappoltstein
26. Otto I von Salm-Kyrburg
13. Anna of Salm-Kyrburg
27. Ottilia of Nassau-Weilburg
3. Countess Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein
28. Otto I von Salm-Kyrburg (= 26)
14. Johann Kasimir, Count of Salm-Kyrburg
29. Ottilia of Nassau-Weilburg (= 27)
7. Anna Claudia of Salm-Kyrburg
30. Johann Georg I, Count of Solms-Laubach
15. Dorothea of Solms-Laubach
31. Marguerite of Schonbourg-Glauchau
8. Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
17. Anna of Hesse
4. Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler
18. William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
9. Duchess Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg
19. Dorothea of Denmark
2. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
20. John I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
10. John II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
21. Magdalene of Jülich-Cleves-Berg
5. Countess Palatine Magdalene Catherine of Zweibrücken
22. René II, Viscount of Rohan
11. Catherine de Rohan
23. fr:Catherine de Parthenay
1. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
24. Egenolf III, Count of Rappoltstein
12. Eberhard, Count of Rappoltstein
25. Maria of Erbach
6. Johann Jakob, Count of Rappoltstein
26. Otto I von Salm-Kyrburg
13. Anna of Salm-Kyrburg
27. Ottilia of Nassau-Weilburg
3. Countess Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein
28. Otto I von Salm-Kyrburg (= 26)
14. Johann Kasimir, Count of Salm-Kyrburg
29. Ottilia of Nassau-Weilburg (= 27)
7. Anna Claudia of Salm-Kyrburg
30. Johann Georg I, Count of Solms-Laubach
15. Dorothea of Solms-Laubach
31. Marguerite of Schonbourg-Glauchau

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