Elling Woman

Intro Iron Age bog body found in Denmark
From Denmark
Gender female
Birth 375BC
Death 350BC

The Elling Woman is a bog body discovered in 1938 west of Silkeborg, Denmark. The Tollund Man was later discovered just c. 60 m (200 ft) away, twelve years after the Elling Woman's discovery. The Elling Woman was mistakenly described as a man in P.V. Glob's book, The Bog People.

Discovery

Hairstyle of Elling Woman A reconstruction of her hairstyle and cape Later known as the Elling Woman, the body was discovered by a local farmer, Jens Zakariasson, who at first believed that the remains were of a drowned animal. The body was wrapped in a sheepskin cape with a leather cloak tied around her legs. The face of the woman was poorly preserved, and there were no traces of organs inside of the body.

Examination

The Elling Woman is believed to have been hanged, like the Tollund Man. The estimated year of death was dated to approximately 280 BCE in the Nordic Iron Age, also around the time of the Tollund Man; however, it is not possible to confirm whether or not both she and he were killed at exactly the same time. It also initially might have been impossible to tell the sex of her body, if the hair had not been preserved, although X rays were taken of her pelvis, which proved she was female. In 1978, the body was reexamined with radiographs, from which the sex was inferred to be female and the original age-at-death estimate of 25 years was found to be accurate. This body is often identified by its 90 cm (35 in) braid, which was tied into an elaborate knot. Elling Woman is believed to have been a human sacrifice. Demineralization, which often occurs with bog bodies, was found to be the initial cause of what was first understood as apparent osteoporosis in the remains.

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