Fritz Mauthner

Intro Austrian philosopher, writer and opinion journalist
A.K.A. Фриц Маутнер
Was Philosopher Writer Journalist Critic Literary critic
From Austria-Hungary
Type Journalism Literature Philosophy
Gender male
Birth 22 November 1849, Hořice, Czech Republic
Death 29 June 1923, Meersburg, Germany (aged 73 years)
Star sign Sagittarius

Fritz Mauthner (22 November 1849 – 29 June 1923) was an Austro-Hungarian novelist, theatre critic and satirist. He was an exponent of philosophical scepticism derived from a critique of human knowledge and of philosophy of language. Mauthner was born on 22 November 1849 into an assimilated, well-to-do Jewish family from Horzitz in Bohemia (now Hořice in the Czech Republic). He was the fourth of the six children of Emmanuel and Amalie Mauthner. He became editor of the Berliner Tageblatt in 1895, but is remembered mainly for his Beiträge zu einer Kritik der Sprache (Contributions to a Critique of Language), published in three parts in 1901 and 1902. Ludwig Wittgenstein took several of his ideas from Mauthner, and acknowledges him in his Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1922). Mauthner died in Meersburg am Bodensee on 29 June 1923.

Works

Philosophy Beiträge zu einer Kritik der Sprache, three volumes, Stuttgart: J.G. Cotta, 1901–1903. Aristoteles, 1904 Spinoza, 1906 Die Sprache, 1907 Wörterbuch der Philosophie, 1910–11, 1923–24 Schopenhauer, 1911 Der letzte Tod des Gautama Buddha, 1913 Der Atheismus und seine Geschichte im Abendlande (4 books), 1920–23 Muttersprache und Vaterland, 1920 Fiction Anna, 1874 Lyrik Die große Revolution, 1872 Nach berühmten Mustern, satirical, 1878, 1889 Einsame Fahrten, 1879 Vom armen Franischko, story, 1879 Die Sonntage der Baronin, 1881 Der neue Ahasver, 1882 Dilettantenspiegel, satirical, 1883 Gräfin Salamanca, 1884 Xanthippe, 1884 Berlin W. (trilogy of novels): Quartett, 1886; Die Fanfare, 1888; Der Villenhof, 1890 Der letzte Deutsche von Blatna, novel, 1887 Der Pegasus, 1889 Zehn Geschichten, 1891 Glück im Spiel, 1891 Hypatia, 1892 Lügenohr, 1892 (under the title: Aus dem Märchenbuch der Wahrheit, 1899) Kraft, novel 1894 Die Geisterseher, novel 1894 Die bunte Reihe, 1896 Der steinerne Riese, novella, 1896 Die böhmische Handschrift, novella 1897 Der wilde Jockey, 1897 Der letzte Tod des Gautamo Buddha, novel 1913 Der goldene Fiedelbogen, 1917 Essays and theoretical works Kleiner Krieg, 1879 Credo, 1886 Tote Symbole, 1892 Zum Streit um die Bühne, 1893 Totengespräche, 1906 Gespräche im Himmel und andere Ketzereien, 1914 Translations Henriette Marechal, by Edmond de Goncourt, 1895 Editorial Wochenschrift für Kunst und Literatur, 1889-1890 Magazin für die Literatur des In- und Auslandes, 1991 Bibliothek der Philosophen, from 1911 Collected works Ausgewählte Schriften, 6 books, 1919 Miscellaneous Erinnerungen, autobiography 1918 Selbstbiographie 1922, in: Philosophie der Gegenwart in Selbstdarstellungen, Bd. 3.

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