Harivansh Rai Bachchan
|Intro||Indian Hindi poet, Father of Amitabh Bachchan|
|Known for||Do Chattanen|
|A.K.A.||Harivansh Rai Shrivastav, Bachchan|
|Was||Poet Writer Politician|
|Birth||27 November 1907, Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India; Allahabad, India|
|Death||18 January 2003, New Delhi, India; Mumbai, India (aged 95 years)|
Harivansh Rai Bachchan (November 27, 1907 – January 18, 2003) was an Indian poet of the Nayi Kavita literary movement (romantic upsurge) of early 20th century Hindi literature. Born in an Awadhi Indian Hindu family of the Srivastava clan of the Kayastha caste, in the village of Babupatti, in the district of Pratapgarh, in the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh in British India, he was also a poet of the Hindi Kavi Sammelan. He is best known for his early work Madhushala (मधुशाला). He is also the husband of social activist, Teji Bachchan, father of Amitabh Bachchan and grandfather of Abhishek Bachchan. In 1976, he received the Padma Bhushan for his service to Hindi literature.
From 1941 to 1957, he taught in the English Department at the Allahabad University and after that, he spent the next two years at St Catharine's College, Cambridge, Cambridge University completing a PhD on W.B. Yeats. He began using the pen name "Bachchan" (meaning child) instead of Srivastava when he wrote Hindi poetry. After returning to India, taught English literature at Allahabad University. He also worked at All India Radio, Allahabad.
Bachchan was fluent in several Hindi languages (Hindustani, Awadhi) as well as Persian. He incorporated a broadly Hindustani vocabulary, written in Devanagari script. While he could not read Persian script, he was influenced by Persian and Urdu poetry, particularly Omar Khayyam.
Works used in movies
Bachchan's work has been used in movies and music. For example, couplets of his work "Agneepath" are used throughout the 1990 movie Agneepath, starring Amitabh Bachchan, and later in the 2012 remake Agneepath, starring Hrithik Roshan.