Henry Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia

Intro Landgrave of Thuringia and anti-king of Germany
A.K.A. Heinrich Raspe
Was Regent
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender male
Birth 16 February 1204
Death 16 February 1247, Wartburg, Germany (aged 43 years)
Star sign Aquarius

Henry Raspe (German: Heinrich Raspe) (1204 – 16 February 1247) succeeded his nephew Hermann II as Landgrave of Thuringia in central Germany in 1241; he later was elected anti-king in 1246–1247 in opposition to Conrad IV of Germany.

Biography

In 1226, Henry's brother Louis IV, Landgrave of Thuringia, died en route to the Sixth Crusade, and Henry became regent for his under-age nephew Hermann II, Landgrave of Thuringia. He managed to expel his nephew and the boy's young mother, St. Elisabeth of Hungary, from the line of succession and ca. 1231 formally succeeded his brother as landgrave. In 1242 Henry, together with King Wenceslaus I of Bohemia, was selected by Emperor Frederick II to be administrator of Germany for Frederick's under-age son Conrad. After the papal ban on Frederick imposed by Pope Innocent IV in 1245, Raspe changed sides, and on 22 May 1246 he was elected anti-king in opposition to Conrad. The strong papal prodding that led to his election earned Raspe the derogatory moniker of "Pfaffenkönig" (priests' king). Henry defeated Conrad in the Battle of Nidda in southern Hesse in August 1246, and laid siege to Ulm and Reutlingen. Having suffered a mortal wound, he died February 1247 in Wartburg Castle near Eisenach in Thuringia.

Marriages

In 1228, he married Elisabeth (1206-1231), the daughter of Albert II, Margrave of Brandenburg. After her death, he married Gertrude (c. 1210/1215 – 1241), the daughter of Leopold VI, Duke of Austria. After her death, he married Beatrix (1225-1288), the daughter of Henry II, Duke of Brabant. All three of his marriages were childless. After his death, the Emperor enfeoffed Thuringia to Henry III, the son of his sister Jutta.

Ancestors

16. Louis the Springer
16. Louis the Springer
8. Louis I, Landgrave of Thuringia
17. Adelheid of Stade
4. Louis II, Landgrave of Thuringia
18. Giso IV, Count of Gudensberg
9. Hedwig of Gudensberg
19. Kunigunde of Bilstein
2. Hermann I, Landgrave of Thuringia
20. Frederick I, Duke of Swabia
10. Frederick II, Duke of Swabia
21. Agnes of Germany
5. Judith of Hohenstaufen
22. Frederick, Count of Saarbrücken
11. Agnes of Saarbrücken
23. Gisela of Lorraine
1. Henry Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia
24. Eckhard I, Count of Scheyern
12. Otto IV, Count of Wittelsbach
25. Richardis of Carniola-Orlamünde
6. Otto I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
26. Frederick III of Pettendorf
13. Heilika of Pettendorf-Lengenfeld
27. Heilika of Swabia
3. Sophia of Wittelsbach
28. Arnold II, Count of Loon
14. Louis I, Count of Loon
29. Agnes
7. Agnes of Loon
30. Folmar V of Metz
15. Agnes of Metz
31. Matilda of Dagsburg
16. Louis the Springer
8. Louis I, Landgrave of Thuringia
17. Adelheid of Stade
4. Louis II, Landgrave of Thuringia
18. Giso IV, Count of Gudensberg
9. Hedwig of Gudensberg
19. Kunigunde of Bilstein
2. Hermann I, Landgrave of Thuringia
20. Frederick I, Duke of Swabia
10. Frederick II, Duke of Swabia
21. Agnes of Germany
5. Judith of Hohenstaufen
22. Frederick, Count of Saarbrücken
11. Agnes of Saarbrücken
23. Gisela of Lorraine
1. Henry Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia
24. Eckhard I, Count of Scheyern
12. Otto IV, Count of Wittelsbach
25. Richardis of Carniola-Orlamünde
6. Otto I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
26. Frederick III of Pettendorf
13. Heilika of Pettendorf-Lengenfeld
27. Heilika of Swabia
3. Sophia of Wittelsbach
28. Arnold II, Count of Loon
14. Louis I, Count of Loon
29. Agnes
7. Agnes of Loon
30. Folmar V of Metz
15. Agnes of Metz
31. Matilda of Dagsburg
8. Louis I, Landgrave of Thuringia
17. Adelheid of Stade
4. Louis II, Landgrave of Thuringia
18. Giso IV, Count of Gudensberg
9. Hedwig of Gudensberg
19. Kunigunde of Bilstein
2. Hermann I, Landgrave of Thuringia
20. Frederick I, Duke of Swabia
10. Frederick II, Duke of Swabia
21. Agnes of Germany
5. Judith of Hohenstaufen
22. Frederick, Count of Saarbrücken
11. Agnes of Saarbrücken
23. Gisela of Lorraine
1. Henry Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia
24. Eckhard I, Count of Scheyern
12. Otto IV, Count of Wittelsbach
25. Richardis of Carniola-Orlamünde
6. Otto I Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria
26. Frederick III of Pettendorf
13. Heilika of Pettendorf-Lengenfeld
27. Heilika of Swabia
3. Sophia of Wittelsbach
28. Arnold II, Count of Loon
14. Louis I, Count of Loon
29. Agnes
7. Agnes of Loon
30. Folmar V of Metz
15. Agnes of Metz
31. Matilda of Dagsburg
Henry Raspe, Landgrave of Thuringia LudowingiansBorn: 1204 Died: 16 February 1247
Preceded byHermann II Landgrave of Thuringia1241–1247 Succeeded byHenry the Illustrious
Preceded byFrederick II and Conrad IV King of the Romans1246 – 1247Disputed by Frederick II and Conrad IV Succeeded byWilliam

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