Horst Ademeit

Intro German World War II fighter pilot
A.K.A. Ademeit
Was Military officer Pilot Aviator Flying ace
From Germany
Type Military
Gender male
Birth 8 February 1912, Wrocław, People's Republic of Poland
Death 7 August 1944, Daugavpils, Latvia (aged 32 years)
Star sign Aquarius

Horst Ademeit (Adomaitis) (8 February 1912 – 7 August 1944) was a German former Luftwaffe fighter ace and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes mit Eichenlaub) during World War II. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross and its higher grade Oak Leaves was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat.

Early life

Ademeit, the son of a Regierungsbaurat (government building officer), was born on 8 February 1912 in Breslau in the Kingdom of Prussia of the German Empire, present-day Wrocław in western Poland. He studied at the Königsberg Albertina University, a member of the Corps Masovia Königsberg. He then studied chemistry at the Technical University of Berlin and the Technical University of Braunschweig graduating as Diplom Ingenieur. He joined the military service of the Luftwaffe on 1 August 1936. On 9 December 1938, Ademeit was made an officer cadet of the reserves and received flight training.

World War II

In the spring of 1940, Unteroffizier Ademeit was transferred to 3. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 54 (JG 54—54th Fighter Wing) and participated in the Battle of Britain. He claimed his first victory on 18 September 1940 shortly afterwards he was shot down over the Channel. He bailed out and was rescued by the Seenotdienst unharmed. In June 1941, after the attack on the Soviet Union, he accompanied I./JG 54 to the Eastern Front. In quick succession he achieved aerial victories, promotions and awards. On 7 March 1943, Ademeit was appointed Staffelkapitän (squadron leader) of 6. Staffel of JG 54, replacing Oberleutnant Hans Beißwenger who was killed in action the day before. In October 1943, Ademeit was credited with his 100th aerial victory. He was the 61st Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark. In the beginning of August 1944, Ademeit was appointed acting Geschwaderkommodore (wing commander) of JG 54. On 7 August 1944, Ademeit, flying a Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-5 (Werksnummer 5960 — factory number) pursued a Russian Il-2 Sturmovik ground-attack aircraft eastwards over Russian lines near Dünaburg, however he failed to return from this mission and is considered Missing in action since. Berlin radio announced his loss on 29 September 1944. Horst Ademeit was credited with 166 victories in over 600 missions over the Eastern Front. He was posthumously promoted to Major.

Summary of career

Aerial victory claims

Matthews and Foreman, authors of Luftwaffe Aces — Biographies and Victory Claims, researched the German Federal Archives and found documentation for 160 aerial victory claims, all of which confirmed and claimed on the Eastern Front. The authors Prien, Stemmer, Rodeike and Bock list six further victories, aerial victories numbered 99–104, which were not documented by Matthews and Foreman, in the timeframe 18 September to 3 October 1943. Victory claims were logged to a map-reference (PQ = Planquadrat), for example "PQ 2525". The Luftwaffe grid map (Jägermeldenetz) covered all of Europe, western Russia and North Africa and was composed of rectangles measuring 15 minutes of latitude by 30 minutes of longitude, an area of about 360 square miles (930 km). These sectors were then subdivided into 36 smaller units to give a location area 3 × 4 km in size.

Chronicle of aerial victories
  This and the ♠ (Ace of spades) indicates those aerial victories which made Ademeit an "ace-in-a-day", a term which designates a fighter pilot who has shot down five or more airplanes in a single day.   This and the ? (question mark) indicates information discrepancies listed by Prien, Stemmer, Rodeike, Bock, Matthews and Foreman.
Claim Date Time Type Location Claim Date Time Type Location
– 1. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 54 –
1 23 June 1941 10:13 SB-2 PQ 2525 8 24 September 1941 10:11 I-15?
2 6 July 1941 17:35 SB-3 9 7 October 1941 16:25 MBR-2
3 7 August 1941 18:13 I-16 10 9 October 1941 07:47 I-26 (Yak-1)
4 27 August 1941 19:00 I-16 11 12 October 1941 09:57 U-2
5 5 September 1941 17:35 I-26 (Yak-1) 12 25 October 1941 13:27 I-18 (MiG-1)
6 5 September 1941 18:04 R-5 13 6 November 1941 12:42 Pe-2
7 23 September 1941 13:17 I-153 14 3 December 1941 12:11 I-16
– 1. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 54 –
15 8 January 1942 09:55 I-26 (Yak-1) 18 7 February 1942 08:33 I-18 (MiG-1)
16 8 January 1942 13:14 SB-2 Guijka 19 16 February 1942 07:45 Il-2
17 20 January 1942 11:23 I-26 (Yak-1) 20 18 February 1942 13:15 I-16
– 1. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 54 –
21 5 May 1942 18:42 Yak-1 Leningrad 29 9 September 1942 18:10? MiG-3 PQ 1180235 km (22 mi) northwest of Volkhov
22 10 May 1942 06:50 P-40 PQ 10621 30 22 October 1942 07:35 I-153 PQ 11762over Lake Ladoga
23 12 May 1942 11:10 Yak-1 east of Possademkowo 31 6 November 1942 08:22 P-40 northern Leningrad
24 12 May 1942 11:15 Yak-1 PQ 10463 32 16 December 1942 09:35 Pe-2 PQ 1185240 km (25 mi) northwest of Volkhov
25 29 May 1942 10:20 SB-3 33 12 January 1943 09:20 Il-2 PQ 10151southeast of Shlisselburg
26 30 May 1942 05:32 MiG-3 34 12 January 1943 14:08 Yak-1 PQ 10182vicinity of Shlisselburg
27 30 May 1942 18:34 P-40 35 27 January 1943 09:30 Il-2 PQ 0029410 km (6.2 mi) west of Mga
28 8 June 1942 15:25 P-40 36 27 January 1943 14:40 LaGG-3 PQ 10123east of Shlisselburg
– 1. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 54 –
37 11 February 1943 09:58 Il-2 PQ 36 Ost 0045415 km (9.3 mi) east-southeast of Sluzk 42 22 February 1943 15:05 Il-2 PQ 36 Ost 10123east of Shlisselburg
38 11 February 1943 10:00 Il-2 PQ 36 Ost 00424Pushkin-Mga 43 23 February 1943 07:05 Il-2 PQ 36 Ost 10151southeast of Shlisselburg
39 15 February 1943 07:50 LaGG-3 PQ 36 Ost 1048335 km (22 mi) northeast of Lyuban 44 23 February 1943 11:15 La-5 PQ 36 Ost 1017225 km (16 mi) northeast of Leningrad
40 18 February 1943 09:35 La-5 PQ 36 Ost 1044430 km (19 mi) southeast of Mga 45 27 February 1943 08:35 LaGG-3 PQ 36 Ost 1025430 km (19 mi) west-southwest of Shlisselburg
41 21 February 1943 13:25 La-5 PQ 36 Ost 1045440 km (25 mi) northeast of Lyuban
– 6. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 54 –
46 13 March 1943 15:16 R-5 PQ 36 Ost 20122, north of Wolchowstrojwest of Volkhov 73 2 August 1943 08:51 Yak-7 PQ 36 Ost 10184east of Mga
47 15 March 1943 15:55 LaGG-3 PQ 35 Ost 1828430 km (19 mi) southeast of Staraya Russa 74 2 August 1943 13:19 Yak-7 PQ 36 Ost 10161southeast of Shlisselburg
48 16 March 1943 15:20 LaGG-3 PQ 35 Ost 1834220 km (12 mi) southeast of Staraya Russa 75 2 August 1943 19:22 La-5 PQ 36 Ost 1035420 km (12 mi) southeast of Mga
49 19 March 1943 10:00 Il-2 PQ 36 Ost 0041110 km (6.2 mi) east of Pushkin 76 7 August 1943 11:05 LaGG-3 PQ 35 Ost 5481835 km (22 mi) west-southwest of Bolkhov
50 21 March 1943 12:03 La-5 PQ 36 Ost 0027115 km (9.3 mi) northeast of Pushkin 77 7 August 1943 14:02 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 5468420 km (12 mi) southwest of Bolkhov
51 23 March 1943 17:10 P-40 PQ 36 Ost 0041210 km (6.2 mi) east of Pushkin 78 14 August 1943 05:00 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 4577215 km (9.3 mi) west-southwest of Kirov
52 25 March 1943 07:50 Yak-1 PQ 36 Ost 0028320 km (12 mi) west of Mga 79 16 August 1943 13:28 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 45752, northwest of Kirov5 km (3.1 mi) northwest of Kirov
53 3 April 1943 18:15 Yak-1 PQ 36 Ost RD 57 80 17 August 1943 08:52 Yak-9 PQ 35 Ost 4458320 km (12 mi) west of Karacev
54 1 June 1943 16:17 LaGG-3 PQ 36 Ost 2177430 km (19 mi) north of Volkhov 81 17 August 1943 09:27 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 4366320 km (12 mi) southwest of Dmitrowsk
55 5 June 1943 12:13 LaGG-3 PQ 36 Ost 2175230 km (19 mi) north of Volkhov 82 20 August 1943 06:22 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 4382415 km (9.3 mi) east-northeast of Shewsk
56 12 June 1943 11:25 La-5 PQ 26 Ost 9013110 km (6.2 mi) west of Lomonossow 83 21 August 1943 16:42 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 4385315 km (9.3 mi) southeast of Shewsk
57 18 June 1943 17:15 LaGG-3 PQ 36 Ost 20174south of Volchov 84 22 August 1943 06:22 P-39 PQ 35 Ost 4382
58 18 June 1943 17:17 La-5 PQ 36 Ost 2042130 km (19 mi) southeast of Volkhov 85 23 August 1943 10:00 P-39 PQ 35 Ost 4389330 km (19 mi) southeast of Shewsk
59 22 June 1943 19:22? LaGG-3 PQ 36 Ost 0175120 km (12 mi) north of Leningrad 86 23 August 1943 18:35 P-39 PQ 35 Ost 4385115 km (9.3 mi) southeast of Shewsk
60 12 July 1943 18:27? La-5 PQ 35 Ost 6486330 km (19 mi) southeast of Mtsensk 87 24 August 1943 14:55 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 4447215 km (9.3 mi) east-southeast of Datkovo
61 13 July 1943 06:53 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 6329355 km (34 mi) southeast of Oryol 88 28 August 1943 11:47 Yak-9 PQ 35 Ost 4367415 km (9.3 mi) northeast of Shewsk
62 13 July 1943 06:54 Yak-7 PQ 35 Ost 6326155 km (34 mi) east-southeast of Oryol 89 30 August 1943 14:21 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 3561125 km (16 mi) southeast of Yelnya
63 13 July 1943 06:56 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 6323440 km (25 mi) southeast of Mtsensk 90 31 August 1943 06:47 LaGG-3 PQ 35 Ost 3562420 km (12 mi) west-northwest of Spas-Demensk
64 13 July 1943 11:06 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 6328325 km (16 mi) southeast of Mtsensk 91 31 August 1943 15:28 Yak-9 PQ 35 Ost 3558230 km (19 mi) south of Yelnya
65 14 July 1943 14:10 LaGG-3 PQ 35 Ost 5435330 km (19 mi) southeast of Zhizdra 92 31 August 1943 15:38 Yak-9 PQ 35 Ost 35384, southwest of Jelnja5 km (3.1 mi) southeast of Yelnya
66 16 July 1943 18:45 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 6352415 km (9.3 mi) west-northwest of Maloarkhangelsk 93 2 September 1943 12:30 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 353815 km (3.1 mi) southeast of Yelnya
67 17 July 1943 06:42 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 5447425 km (16 mi) west-northwest of Bolkhov 94 4 September 1943 17:02 LaGG-3 PQ 35 Ost 353745 km (3.1 mi) southwest of Yelnya
68 21 July 1943 17:18 Pe-2 PQ 35 Ost 5346240 km (25 mi) south-southwest of Oryol 95 4 September 1943 17:06 Yak-9 PQ 35 Ost 35371, west of Jelnja5 km (3.1 mi) southwest of Yelnya
69 28 July 1943 09:14 La-5 PQ 36 Ost 10154southeast of Shlisselburg 96 5 September 1943 11:13 P-39 PQ 35 Ost 2563120 km (12 mi) southwest of Yelnya
70 28 July 1943 09:17 Yak-7 PQ 36 Ost 1033120 km (12 mi) east-southeast of Mga 97 5 September 1943 13:28 Yak-9 PQ 35 Ost 2681420 km (12 mi) north-northwest of Yartsevo
71 28 July 1943 09:25 La-5 PQ 36 Ost 1033420 km (12 mi) east-southeast of Mga 98 10 September 1943 10:50 Hurricane PQ 35 Ost 35372, northwest of Yelnya5 km (3.1 mi) southwest of Yelnya
72 31 July 1943 18:15 La-5 PQ 36 Ost 1024325 km (16 mi) east-southeast of Shlisselburg
According to Prien, Stemmer, Rodeike and Bock, Ademeit claimed aerial victories 99–104, which were not documented, in the timeframe 18 September to 3 October 1943. These six claims are not listed by Matthews and Foreman.
105 7 October 1943 16:12 La-5 southeast of Kotitschisoutheast of Ashitka 118♠ 12 October 1943 16:08 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 10131east of Shlisselburg
106 7 October 1943 16:14 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 01214Lake Ladoga 119 13 October 1943 15:40 Yak-9 PQ 35 Ost 0133470 km (43 mi) northeast of Zelenogorsk
107 7 October 1943 16:19 La-5 west of Tcherninwest of Tschermin 120 14 October 1943 07:40 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 11512over Lake Ladoga
108 9 October 1943 11:32 Yak-9 PQ 35 Ost 0133470 km (43 mi) northeast of Zelenogorsk 121 20 October 1943 14:11 Yak-9 PQ 35 Ost 01191
109 10 October 1943 15:55 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 11781over Lake Ladoga 122 20 October 1943 15:42 Yak-9 PQ 35 Ost 0139160 km (37 mi) northeast of Zelenogorsk
110 10 October 1943 16:15 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 10121east of Shlisselburg 123 21 October 1943 07:12 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 1179325 km (16 mi) northeast of Shlisselburg
111 11 October 1943 10:12 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 01122 124 21 October 1943 07:29 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 10111vicinity of Shlisselburg
112 11 October 1943 15:51 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 10121east of Shlisselburg 125 21 October 1943 07:30 Il-2 PQ 35 Ost 11773over Lake Ladoga
113♠ 12 October 1943 08:25 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 10122east of Shlisselburg 126 21 October 1943 09:52 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 10124east of Shlisselburg
114♠ 12 October 1943 08:30 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 11784over Lake Ladoga 127 12 December 1943 07:28 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 0015410 km (6.2 mi) south of Leningrad
115♠ 12 October 1943 10:43 Pe-2 PQ 35 Ost 11791over Lake Ladoga 128 12 December 1943 07:30 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 0178310 km (6.2 mi) north of Leningrad
116♠ 12 October 1943 10:43 Pe-2 PQ 35 Ost 11791over Lake Ladoga 129 15 December 1943 07:20 Yak-9 PQ 25 Ost 9139340 km (25 mi) southeast of Vyborg
117♠ 12 October 1943 11:22 La-5 PQ 35 Ost 11763over Lake Ladoga 130 17 December 1943 08:08 Yak-9 PQ 35 Ost 00161
– 6. Staffel of Jagdgeschwader 54 –
131 11 January 1944 14:00 Pe-2 40 km (25 mi) south-southeast of Narva 135 15 January 1944 09:15 Pe-2 30 km (19 mi) southeast of Narva
132 14 January 1944 11:02 Il-2 35 km (22 mi) east-southeast of Narva 136 15 January 1944 09:20 La-5 30 km (19 mi) southeast of Narva
133 15 January 1944 09:10 La-5 40 km (25 mi) southeast of Narva 137 24 January 1944 14:14 La-5 Gulf of Finland, northeast of Hungerburg
134 15 January 1944 09:13 La-5 30 km (19 mi) southeast of Narva
– Stab I. Gruppe of Jagdgeschwader 54 –
138 7 February 1944 10:41 La-5 PQ 5132 153 29 June 1944 19:47 P-39
139 5 March 1944 09:07 La-5 25 km (16 mi) southwest of Narva 154 2 July 1944 08:00 Pe-2
140 5 March 1944 12:20 La-5 20 km (12 mi) southwest of Narva 155 2 July 1944 10:48 P-39 vicinity of Polotsk
141 5 March 1944 12:45 La-5 southwest of Narva 156 2 July 1944 17:25 P-39 northeast of Polotsk
142 9 March 1944 08:46 La-5 45 km (28 mi) west of Hungerburg 157 3 July 1944 12:35 Yak-9 vicinity of Polotsk
143 9 March 1944 11:40 Il-2 30 km (19 mi) southwest of Narva 158 3 July 1944 12:38 Yak-9 vicinity of Polotsk
144 18 March 1944 15:43 La-5 50 km (31 mi) northeast of Kunda 159 21 July 1944 09:26 P-39
145 19 March 1944 10:35 Yak-9 vicinity of Hungerburg 160 21 July 1944 09:31 Il-2
146 23 March 1944 11:26 Yak-9 55 km (34 mi) southeast of Kunda 161 21 July 1944 19:00 La-5
147 28 March 1944 16:19 La-5 80 km (50 mi) northeast of Opotschka 162 22 July 1944 09:26 Yak-9
148 30 March 1944 08:30 La-5 163 23 July 1944 14:17 Il-2 vicinity of Daugavpils
149 21 April 1944 14:25 Yak-9 164 23 July 1944 14:20 Yak-9 vicinity of Daugavpils
150 28 May 1944 08:32 LaGG-3 15 km (9.3 mi) southwest of Narva 165 25 July 1944 13:58 P-39
151 28 June 1944 08:52 P-39 166 27 July 1944 15:50 Pe-2 vicinity of Mitau
152 29 June 1944 04:18 Yak-9

Awards

Iron Cross (1939) 2nd Class (7 September 1940) 1st Class (5 September 1941) Front Flying Clasp of the Luftwaffe for fighter pilots in Gold and Penant Honour Goblet of the Luftwaffe on 8 December 1941 as Leutnant and pilot German Cross in Gold on 25 February 1942 as Leutnant in the 1./Jagdgeschwader 54 Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves Knight's Cross on 16 April 1943 as Leutnant (war officer) and pilot in the I./Jagdgeschwader 54 414th Oak Leaves on 2 March 1944 as Hauptmann (war officer) and Gruppenkommandeur of the I./Jagdgeschwader 54

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