Joseph Dergham El Khazen
|Intro||Patriarch of Maronite church|
|A.K.A.||Joseph V Dergham El Khazen, Yusuf Dargham al-Khazin, Ioseph Dargam Alc…|
|From||Lebanon Ottoman Empire|
|Birth||Ghosta, Lebanon, Lebanon|
|Death||13 May 1742|
Joseph V Dergham El Khazen (or Yusuf Dargham al-Khazin, Arabic: يوسف الخامس درغام الخازن, Latin: Ioseph Dargam Alchasen, born in Ghosta, Lebanon – died on May 13, 1742), was the 60th Maronite Patriarch of Antioch from 1733 to his death in 1742.
Joseph Dergham El Khazen was a member of the Khazen family and he was born in the village of Ghosta, in the Keserwan District, Lebanon. He married, and after the death of his wife he became priest. He was consecrated titular bishop of Ghosta in 1728 by the hands of patriarch Jacob Awad. At the death of Jacob Awad, the electoral synod couldn't decide between two pretenders, so finally on February 25, 1733 he was elected for acclamation because of his influential family. The confirmation of his election by Pope Clement XII arrived on December 18, 1733, with the brief Cum nos a vinculo and El Khazen received the pallium. The need for reform of the Maronite Church, the ecclesiastical discipline of the religious establishments and the need to establish canonically dioceses, pushed the bishops, the clergy and the notables of the country to write to Rome to request the intervention of the Holy See with the sending Giuseppe Simone Assemani as apostolic delegate to Rome. During the works, Joseph Dergham clashed often with Giuseppe Simone Assemani, who presided it, due to the fact that the synod was going to limit the faculties of the Patriarch Assemani arrived in Lebanon, with full powers and instructions of Propaganda Fide, on June 17, 1736. After three months of preparation, the synod was announced on 30 September and on 1 and 2 October. Among the main points discussed by the assembly: the separation of mixed monasteries, the division of patriarchy in eparchies, the training of clergy, the discipline of the sacraments, and economic issues. The documents, written in Arabic, were signed by all present on October 2, 1736. Assemani, before returning to Rome, proceeded, on behalf of the same patriarch, to immediately running some decisions of the Synod, but he found some pockets of resistance especially in the issue of the separation of mixed monasteries, where religious men and women were living under the same roof, although separated from the enclosure. About the serious problem of the canonical erection of the Maronite diocese, it must be remembered that until the eighteenth century the Maronite Patriarchate had only formally divided into eparchies: all bishops were regarded as auxiliary of the Maronite Patriarch, the only real guide of the Maronite nation. On some occasions Propaganda Fide had intervened earlier to order the canonical subdivision of patriarchy, but his decrees had remained a dead letter. The Synod of 1736 instituted canonically eight eparchies, over the patriarchal seat, defining its territorial jurisdictions: Aleppo, Beirut, Jbeil (Byblos) coupled with Batroun (Botrys), Cyprus, Damascus, Baalbek (Heliopolis), Tripoli and Tyre-Sidon. Only in 1738 Assemani left Lebanon, where he had expressed strong resistance to certain decisions of the Synod; but due to other assignments received, he reached Rome only in 1741. Some years after the Synod, Joseph Dergham sent a petition to the Pope to support his views and to make void the decrees of the synod, however Pope Clement XII established a special commission of cardinals to investigate the acts of the Synod, this committee was confirmed by the next Pope Benedict XIV. Their acts were approved definitively, in their Latin translation, on 1 September 1741 with the papal bull Singularis Romanorum, while the Apostolic praedecessorum of 14 February 1742, confirmed the decisions of the Maronite Synod on the division of patriarchy in eparchies, their number and their spatial extent and discarded El Khazen's petition. Joseph Dergham El Khazen died on May 13, 1742.
Patriarch Joseph V Dergham El-Khazen (Catholic-Hierarchy)
^ [The addition of the name Peter (in Arabic: Boutros) in his first name is customary for newly elected Maronite patriarchs; about Youssef Dergham, the acts of the Maronite Synod of 1736 call him Joseph Petrus, and likewise the signature patriarch is Joseph Petrus patriarcha Antiochiae.] ^ K. Rizk (2003). "Khazen Joseph Dergham". Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques. 28. Paris: Letouzey et Ané. pp. 1423–1424. ^ Dib, Pierre (2001). Histoire des Maronites: L'église maronite du XVIe siècle à nos jours, Volume 3. Librairie Orientale. pp. 163–164. ISBN 9789953170053. ^ [Pierre Dib, op. cit., col. 79.] ^ Leeuwen, Richard (1994). Notables and Clergy in Mount Lebanon: the Khazin Sheiks and the Maronite Church. Boston: Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 90-04-09978-6. ^ vol. III, pp. 31-35. ^ [Pontificii Juris, vol. III, pp. 48-53.]
Pierre Dib, v. Maronite (Eglise), https://archive.org/stream/dictionnairedet10pt1vaca#page/n47/mode/2up, Tome Dixième, première partie, Paris 1928, coll. 79-85. Giuseppe Simone Assemani, https://archive.org/stream/serieschronologi00asseuoft#page/40/mode/2up, Rome 1881, p. 40. Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, https://archive.org/stream/hierarchiacathol06eubeuoft#page/87/mode/1up, p. 87. https://books.google.it/books?id=iUVJAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=it#v=onepage&q&f=false, Romae MDCCCXX. Paul Rouhana, http://documents.irevues.inist.fr/bitstream/handle/2042/35154/po_1986_111.pdf, in Parole de l'Orient, vol. 13 (1986), pp. 111–163.