|A.K.A.||Marion Lorne MacDougall|
|Was||Actor Stage actor Television actor Film actor|
|From||United States of America|
|Type||Film, Television, Stage and Radio|
|Birth||12 August 1883, West Pittston, USA|
|Death||9 May 1968, New York City, USA (aged 84 years)|
Lorne with Louise Drew in the play The Florist Shop (1909) Marion Lorne MacDougal or MacDougall (sources differ) (August 12, 1883 – May 9, 1968), known professionally as Marion Lorne, was an American actress of stage, film, and television. After a career in theatre in New York and London, Lorne made her first film in 1951, and for the remainder of her life played small roles in films and television. Her recurring role as Aunt Clara in the comedy series Bewitched, between 1964 and her death in 1968, brought her widespread recognition, and she was posthumously awarded an Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series.
Early life and education
Lorne was born in West Pittston, Pennsylvania, a small mining town halfway between Wilkes-Barre and Scranton. She was the daughter of William Lorne MacDougall MD, and his wife, Jane Louise (née Oliver), known as "Jennie". She was born in 1883 (although by the 1920s she had shaved five years off of her age). While her year of birth is listed as 1885 in some sources, including the date inscribed on her urn (which appears to be erroneous), it was usually listed as 1888 when she was alive. The 1900 United States Census (enumerated in June 1900) gives her age as 16 and, along with the Social Security Death Index (SSDI), lists her year of birth as 1883. Her parents were Scottish and English immigrants. She had a younger brother, Lorne Taylor MacDougall (October 20, 1893 – September 5, 1943). She studied at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York City.
Lorne debuted on Broadway in 1905; she also acted in London theaters, enjoying a flourishing stage career on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. In London she had her own theater, the Whitehall, where she had top billing in plays written by Walter C. Hackett, her husband. None of her productions at the Whitehall had runs shorter than 125 nights. After appearing in a couple of Vitaphone shorts, including Success (1931) starring Jack Haley, she made her feature film debut in her late 60s in Strangers on a Train (1951), directed by Alfred Hitchcock. From 1952-55, she was seen as perpetually confused junior high school English teacher Mrs. Gurney on Mister Peepers. From 1957-58, she co-starred with Joan Caulfield in the NBC sitcom Sally in the role of an elderly widow who happens to be the co-owner of a department store. Although afraid of live television, declaring "I'm a coward when it comes to a live [television] show", she was persuaded to appear a few times to promote the film The Girl Rush with Rosalind Russell in the mid-1950s. Between 1958 and 1964, she made regular appearances on The Garry Moore Show (1958–1962). Her last role, as Aunt Clara in Bewitched, brought Lorne her widest fame as a lovable witch who is losing her powers due to old age (and whose spells usually end in disaster). Aunt Clara usually visited by coming down the chimney; her hobby was collecting doorknobs, and she often brought her collection with her on visits. Lorne had an extensive collection of doorknobs in real life, some of which she used as props in the series.
She appeared in 27 episodes of Bewitched and was not replaced after she died of a heart attack in her Manhattan apartment on May 9, 1968, aged 84, prior to the start of production of the show's fifth season. She is buried at Ferncliff Cemetery in Greenburgh, New York.
The producers of Bewitched decided that Lorne's character as Aunt Clara could not be replaced by another actress. Comedic actress Alice Ghostley was recruited to fill the gap as "Esmeralda", a different type of older witch with wobbly magic whose spells often went astray. Coincidentally, Lorne and Ghostley had appeared side-by-side as partygoers in the iconic comedy-drama film The Graduate, made the year before Lorne's death. She received a posthumous Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series for her work on Bewitched. The statue was accepted by Bewitched star Elizabeth Montgomery.
In 1911, she married playwright Walter C. Hackett. They were married until his death in 1944. The couple had no children.
Filmography and television work
|1931||Success||Short film||Molly's mother||Uncredited|
|1951||Strangers on a Train||psychological thriller||Mrs. Anthony|
|July 3, 1952 to June 12, 1955||Mister Peepers||sitcom||Mrs. Gurney||television|
|1955||The Girl Rush||musical comedy||Aunt Clara|
|August 21, 1955||The Ed Sullivan Show||variety||Herself in "The Girl Rush Show"|
|September 17, 1955||Perry Como's Kraft Music Hall||variety||Herself|
|1956–57||The Steve Allen Show||variety||Herself|
|1957–58||Sally||sitcom||Myrtle Banford||television, 26 episodes|
|1958||Suspicion||mystery drama||Mrs. Foster||television, one episode|
|1958||DuPont Show of the Month||anthology series||Veta Louise Simmons||television, episode (television adaptation of the comedy play Harvey (1944))|
|1958–1964||The Garry Moore Show||variety show||herself||television|
|1959 (November 25, 1959)||I've Got a Secret||game show||herself||television|
|1964–1968||Bewitched||sitcom||Aunt Clara||television, 28 episodes, (final appearance)|
|1967||The Graduate||comedy-drama||Miss DeWitte|
Dance Me a Song as Grandmother (January 20, 1950 – February 18, 1950) Harvey as Veta Louise Simmons (November 1, 1944 – January 15, 1949) Off With The Motley (1937-1938) [Whitehall Theatre, London] London After Dark (1937) [Streatham Hill Theatre] London After Dark (1937) [Apollo Theatre, London] The Fugitives (1936) [Whitehall Theatre, London] Espionage (1935-1936) [Apollo Theatre, London] Afterwards (1934) [Whitehall Theatre, London] The White Sisters (1933) [Whitehall Theatre, London] The Gay Adventure (1932) [Whitehall Theatre, London] Road House (1932) [Whitehall Theatre, London] Take a Chance (1931) [Whitehall Theatre, London] Captain Applejack (1931) [Whitehall Theatre, London] It Pays to Advertise (1930-1931) Hyde Park Corner (1930) Freedom of the Seas (1929) Regeneration (1928) The Wicked Earl (1928) [His Majesty's Theater, London] The Barton Mystery (1927) 77 Park Lane (1927) 77 Rue Chalgrin (1925) Other Men's Wives (1922) Ambrose Applejohn's Adventure (1921-1923) [Criterion Theatre, London] The Barton Mystery (October 13–30, 1917; 20 performances) It Pays to Advertise (1915-1916) Don't Weaken (January 1914) The Little Minister as Lady Babbie (June 22, 1910 – 1910) [Hunter-Bradford Players at the Parsons Theater] The Florist Shop as Angelica Perkins (August 9, 1909 – September 1909) The Devil as Mimi (August 18, 1908 – November 1908) Here Tonight (1908) Mrs. Temple's Telegram (February 1, 1905 – March 27, 1905)
Awards and nominations
|1954||nominated||Emmy Award||Best Series Supporting Actress||Mr. Peepers|
|1955||nominated||Emmy Award||Best Supporting Actress in a Regular Series||Mr. Peepers|
|1958||nominated||Emmy Award||Best Continuing Supporting Performance by an Actress in a Dramatic or Comedy Series||Sally|
|1967||nominated||Emmy Award||Outstanding Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Comedy||Bewitched|
|1968||won||Emmy Award||Outstanding Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Comedy||Bewitched|