Matilda, Abbess of Quedlinburg

Intro German Abbess
Is Cleric Abbot
From Germany
Type Religion
Gender female
Birth 955
Death 999, Quedlinburg Abbey, Germany

Matilda (December 955 – 999), also known as Mathilda and Mathilde, was the first Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg. She was the daughter of Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, and his second wife, Adelaide of Italy.

Taking the veil

Her grandmother, Saint Matilda, founded the Quedlinburg Abbey in 936. In April 966, in a splendid ceremony requested by her father, the eleven-year-old granddaughter and namesake of Saint Matilda was elected suae metropolitanae sibi haereditariae.

Regency

A year after becoming abbess, Matilda was assigned as regent of the kingdom when her father and brother Otto went to Italy. As regent, Matilda held a reforming synod at Dornberg. concerning the church in Germany. In 984, she held an imperial diet at her abbey. At the diet, Henry the Wrangler questioned the right of Matilda's nephew to succeed his father. Matilda successfully defeated his claims and secured the election of her nephew as Holy Roman Emperor, therefore "holding the empire together". In 984, Matilda, her mother, Empress Adelaide, and her sister-in-law, Empress Theophanu, became co-regents for Matilda's young nephew, Otto III. A contemporary chronicler described her regency as being "without female levity". Matilda succeeded in restoring peace and authority by leading an army against the barbarians.

Death

She died in February 999 and was succeeded as abbess of Quedlinburg by her niece, Adelaide I.

Ancestry

8. Otto I, Duke of Saxony
8. Otto I, Duke of Saxony
4. Henry I of Germany
9. Hedwiga of Franconia
2. Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
10. Dietrich, Count in Westphalia
5. Matilda
11. Reinhild
1. Matilda, Abbess of Quedlinburg
12. Rudolph I of Burgundy
6. Rudolph II of Burgundy
13. Guilla of Provence
3. Adelaide of Italy
14. Burchard II, Duke of Swabia
7. Bertha of Swabia
15. Regelinda of Zürich
8. Otto I, Duke of Saxony
4. Henry I of Germany
9. Hedwiga of Franconia
2. Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
10. Dietrich, Count in Westphalia
5. Matilda
11. Reinhild
1. Matilda, Abbess of Quedlinburg
12. Rudolph I of Burgundy
6. Rudolph II of Burgundy
13. Guilla of Provence
3. Adelaide of Italy
14. Burchard II, Duke of Swabia
7. Bertha of Swabia
15. Regelinda of Zürich
4. Henry I of Germany
9. Hedwiga of Franconia
2. Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor
10. Dietrich, Count in Westphalia
5. Matilda
11. Reinhild
1. Matilda, Abbess of Quedlinburg
12. Rudolph I of Burgundy
6. Rudolph II of Burgundy
13. Guilla of Provence
3. Adelaide of Italy
14. Burchard II, Duke of Swabia
7. Bertha of Swabia
15. Regelinda of Zürich

Sources

Jansen, Sharon L. (2002). The Monstrous Regiment of Women: Female Rulers in Early Modern Europe. Palgrave Macmillan. McNamara, Jo Ann (1996). Sisters in arms: Catholic nuns through two millennia. Harvard University Press. Thietmar (2001). Ottonian Germany: The Chronicon of Thietmar of Merseburg. Translated by Warner, David A. Manchester University Press. Wemple, Suzanne F. (1987). "Sanctity and Power: The Dual Pursuit of Early Medieval Women". In Bridenthal, Renate; Koonz, Claudia; Stuard, Susan (eds.). Becoming Visible: Women in European History. Houghton Mifflin Company. Yorke, Barbara (2003). Nunneries and the Anglo-Saxon royal houses. Continuum International Publishing Group. Schutz, Herbert (2010). The Medieval Empire in Central Europe: Dynastic Continuity in the Post. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Regnal titles
Office created Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg966–999 Succeeded byAdelheid I

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