Princess Elisabeth of Saxony

Intro Saxon princess
A.K.A. Maria Elisabeth Maximiliana von Sachsen
Was Noble Aristocrat
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender female
Birth 4 February 1830, Dresden, Germany
Death 14 August 1912, Stresa, Italy (aged 82 years)
Star sign Aquarius

Elisabeth of Saxony (4 February 1830 – 14 August 1912) was a Princess of Saxony who married the second son of the King of Sardinia. She was the mother of Margherita, Queen of Italy.

Early life and family

She was born in Dresden, capital of Saxony, as daughter of King John of Saxony and his wife Amalie Auguste of Bavaria. Her paternal grandparents were Prince Maximilian of Saxony and Carolina of Parma. Her maternal grandparents were King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and Karoline of Baden.

Marriages and issue

On 22 April 1850, she married, in Dresden Cathedral, Prince Ferdinand, 1st Duke of Genoa, second son of King Charles Albert of Sardinia and Maria Theresa of Austria and Tuscany. Their marriage was a dynastic arrangement, and it was generally held to be loveless. The couple had two children:

Name Birth Death Notes
Margherita Maria Teresa Giovanna Palazzo Chiablese, 20 November 1851 Bordighera, 4 January 1926 married Umberto I of Italy; had issue.
Tommaso Alberto Vittorio, 2nd Duke of Genoa Palazzo Chiablese, 6 February 1854 Turin, 15 April 1931 married Princess Isabella of Bavaria; had issue.

On 10 February 1855 her husband died in Turin, leaving Elizabeth a widow at the age of 25. Before her second year of widowhood had ended, she remarried on 4 October 1856 with her chamberlain Niccolò Bernoud, Marchese di Rapallo. They married secretly, before her period of official mourning was over. This act so infuriated her brother-in-law Victor Emmanuel II of Italy that he ordered her into virtual exile and disallowed her from seeing her two children. They were later reunited however. In 1882, her second husband committed suicide. Court gossip had often hinted that their marriage was unhappy, and his suicide added fuel to these stories. Elisabeth had no children from her second marriage.

Death

Elisabeth suffered an attack of apoplexy in 1910, which caused her health to quickly deteriorate. She died on 14 August 1912.

Titles and styles

4 February 1830 – 22 April 1850: Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of Saxony 22 April 1850 – 10 February 1855: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Genoa 10 February 1855 – 4 October 1856: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Genoa 4 October 1856 – 27 November 1882: Her Royal Highness The Marchioness Rapallo 27 November 1882 – 14 August 1912: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Marchioness Rapallo

Ancestry

8. Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony
8. Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony
4. Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Saxony
9. Duchess Maria Antonia of Bavaria
2. John of Saxony
10. Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
5. Princess Carolina of Parma
11. Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
1. Princess Elisabeth of Saxony
12. Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
6. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
13. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
3. Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
14. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
7. Princess Caroline of Baden
15. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
8. Frederick Christian, Elector of Saxony
4. Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Saxony
9. Duchess Maria Antonia of Bavaria
2. John of Saxony
10. Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
5. Princess Carolina of Parma
11. Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
1. Princess Elisabeth of Saxony
12. Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
6. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
13. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
3. Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
14. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
7. Princess Caroline of Baden
15. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
4. Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Saxony
9. Duchess Maria Antonia of Bavaria
2. John of Saxony
10. Ferdinand, Duke of Parma
5. Princess Carolina of Parma
11. Archduchess Maria Amalia of Austria
1. Princess Elisabeth of Saxony
12. Frederick Michael, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
6. Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
13. Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
3. Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria
14. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
7. Princess Caroline of Baden
15. Princess Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt

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