Rudolph Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Intro Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Prince of Wolfenbüttel
A.K.A. Rudolph August
Was Noble Aristocrat
From Germany
Type Royals
Gender male
Birth 16 May 1627, Hitzacker, Germany
Death 26 January 1704, Hedwigsburg, Germany (aged 76 years)
Star sign Taurus

Rudolph Augustus (May 16, 1627 – January 26, 1704), a member of the House of Welf, was Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruled as Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from 1666 until his death. In 1685 he made his younger brother Anthony Ulrich co-ruler.

Life

He was born in Hitzacker, then the residence of his father Duke Augustus the Younger of Brunswick-Lüneburg and his second wife Princess Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst. His father assumed the rule in the Principality of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, after his Welf cousin Duke Frederick Ulrich had died childless in 1634. Rudolph Augustus succeeded his father as ruling Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel in 1666. More interested in his studies and hunting, he soon after appointed his politically astute younger brother Anthony Ulrich governor. In 1671 both besieged and finally occupied the city of Braunschweig, ending about 250 years of local autonomy. During his reign, Rudolph Augustus concentrated on the Baroque expansion of his ducal residence, including the Alter Weg ("Old Way"), a road connecting the cities of Brunswick and Wolfenbüttel. He died in 1704 at the Hedwigsburg hunting lodge.

Marriage and issue

In 1650 Rudolph Augustus married Christine Elizabeth (1634–1681), daughter of Count Albert Frederick of Barby and Mühlingen. They had two daughters that reached adulthood: Dorothea Sophia (1653–1722), married Duke John Adolphus of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plön Christine Sophia (1654–1695), married her cousin Duke Augustus William of Brunswick-Lüneburg, the son of Duke Anthony Ulrich who succeeded his father as Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel in 1714. Upon the death of his first wife, Rudolph Augustus entered into a morganatic marriage with Rosine Elisabeth Menthe (1663–1701), which remained childless.

Ancestry

16. Henry I of Lüneburg
16. Henry I of Lüneburg
8. Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
17. Margarete of Saxony
4. Henry III, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
18. Henry V, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
9. Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
19. Ursula of Brandenburg
2. Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
20. Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
10. Francis I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
21. Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
5. Ursula of Saxe-Lauenburg
22. Henry IV, Duke of Saxony
11. Sybille of Saxony
23. Catherine of Mecklenburg
1. Rudolph Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
24. John V, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
12. Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt
25. Margaret of Brandenburg
6. Rudolph, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
26. Christoph, Duke of Württemberg
13. Eleonore of Württemberg
27. Anna Maria of Brandenburg-Ansbach
3. Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst
28. Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
14. Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
29. Hedwig of Brandenburg
7. Dorothea Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
30. Augustus, Elector of Saxony
15. Dorothea of Saxony
31. Anne of Denmark
16. Henry I of Lüneburg
8. Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
17. Margarete of Saxony
4. Henry III, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
18. Henry V, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
9. Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
19. Ursula of Brandenburg
2. Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
20. Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
10. Francis I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
21. Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
5. Ursula of Saxe-Lauenburg
22. Henry IV, Duke of Saxony
11. Sybille of Saxony
23. Catherine of Mecklenburg
1. Rudolph Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
24. John V, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
12. Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt
25. Margaret of Brandenburg
6. Rudolph, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
26. Christoph, Duke of Württemberg
13. Eleonore of Württemberg
27. Anna Maria of Brandenburg-Ansbach
3. Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst
28. Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
14. Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
29. Hedwig of Brandenburg
7. Dorothea Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
30. Augustus, Elector of Saxony
15. Dorothea of Saxony
31. Anne of Denmark
8. Ernest I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
17. Margarete of Saxony
4. Henry III, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
18. Henry V, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
9. Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
19. Ursula of Brandenburg
2. Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
20. Magnus I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
10. Francis I, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg
21. Catherine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
5. Ursula of Saxe-Lauenburg
22. Henry IV, Duke of Saxony
11. Sybille of Saxony
23. Catherine of Mecklenburg
1. Rudolph Augustus, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
24. John V, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
12. Joachim Ernest, Prince of Anhalt
25. Margaret of Brandenburg
6. Rudolph, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst
26. Christoph, Duke of Württemberg
13. Eleonore of Württemberg
27. Anna Maria of Brandenburg-Ansbach
3. Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst
28. Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
14. Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
29. Hedwig of Brandenburg
7. Dorothea Hedwig of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
30. Augustus, Elector of Saxony
15. Dorothea of Saxony
31. Anne of Denmark

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